Publications, Abstracts & Posters

By Michigan Medicine Faculty, Staff, and Learners

*Indicates member of the Wellness Advocate Network

+Indicates a Wellness Faculty Associate



Collins C, Pichan C, McGee L, Siden JY, Brower K. Assessing student burnout, treatment acquisition, and barriers to care to prompt changes in a student mental healthcare program. Acad Psychiatry. 2022; doi:10.1007/s40596-022-01685-2

Greenberg, J. (2022, August 16). Toughness is not infinite and is not defined by a dollar amount. Retrieved September 12, 2022, from

Brower, K. (2022, July). Advancing workplace well-being in Abnormal Times. Advancing Workplace Well-Being in Abnormal Times. Retrieved September 27, 2022, from

Gold, K. J., & Harmes, K. M. (2022, April 11). Medical assistants identify strategies and barriers to clinic efficiency. MDedge Family Medicine.

Lee, H., Burrows, H. L., Singer, K., *Brower, K. J., Bradford, C. R., Spencley, B., Owens, L., & + Morgan, H. K. (2022). Operational constraints and gender biases: A qualitative analysis of physician parenting experiences. Women's Health Reports, 3(1), 297–306.

Santosa, K. B., Lussiez, A., Bellomo, T. R., Matusko, N., Gauger, P. G., Choi, J. N., & +Sandhu, G. (2022). Identifying strategies for struggling surgery residents. Journal of Surgical Research, 273, 147–154.

Arnold-Forster, A., Moses, J. D., & Schotland, S. V. (2022). Obstacles to physicians’ emotional health — lessons from history. New England Journal of Medicine, 386(1), 4–7.



*Brower, K. J., Brazeau, C. M. L. R., Kiely, S. C., Lawrence, E. C., Farley, H., Berliner, J. I., Bird, S. B., Ripp, J., & Shanafelt, T. (2021). The evolving role of the Chief Wellness officer in the management of crises by health Care Systems: Lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic. NEJM Catalyst, 2(5).

*Brower, K. J. (2021). Professional stigma of mental health issues: Physicians are both the cause and solution. Academic Medicine, 96(5), 635–640.

*Conroy, D. A., Hadler, N. L., Cho, E., Moreira, A., MacKenzie, C., Swanson, L. M., Burgess, H. J., Arnedt, J. T., & Goldstein, C. A. (2021). The effects of COVID-19 Stay-at-home order on sleep, health, and working patterns: A survey study of US health care workers. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 17(2), 185–191.

*Conroy, D. A., Moreira, A., & Goldstein, C. A. (2021). The differential effects of stay-at-home orders on mood and sleep. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 17(2), 345–346.

Evans, J., Kemp, M. T., Rivard, S. J., Sharma, S. B., Williams, A. M., Coleman, D., Dimick, J., & *Sandhu, G. (2021). Not just bystanders: A qualitative study on the vicarious effects of surgical training on the wellness of support persons for trainees. Annals of Surgery, 274(3).

Foote, D. C., Donkersloot, J. N., *Sandhu, G., Ziegler, K., & Lau, J. (2021). Identifying institutional factors in General Surgery Resident Wellness and Burnout. The American Journal of Surgery.

*Greenberg, J. S. (2021, October 4). How Embracing the Unknown Has Helped Me Move Forward in Medicine. Retrieved October 6, 2021, from

*Greenberg, J. S. (2021, April 17). Surveying Work-Life Balance. Op-Med. Voices from the Doximity Network.

Kemp, M., Williams, A., Rivard, S., Perrone, E., & *Sandu, G. (2021). Physician Heal Thyself: A Call to Action for Prioritizing Trainee Health. Annals of Surgery, 274(3), 201–203.

Ortiz, D., *Sandhu, G., Finks, J., Vallie, J., & Matusko, N. (2021). Vigilance, Resilience, and Intent to Pursue Medicine Among Underrepresented Students. MedEdPublish, 10.

*Paradis, K. C., Ryan, K. A., Schmid, S., Moran, J. M., Laucis, A. M., Chapman, C. H., Bott-Kothari, T., Prisciandaro, J. I., Simiele, S. J., Balter, J. M., Matuszak, M. M., Narayana, V., & Jagsi, R. (2021). Gender differences in work-life integration among medical physicists. Advances in Radiation Oncology, 100724.

Quinn, R. E., *Fessell, D. P., & Porges, S. W. (2021, January 15). How to keep your cool in high-stress situations. Harvard Business Review.

Vitous, C. A., Dinh, D. Q., Jafri, S. M., Bennett, O. M., MacEachern, M., & Suwanabol, P. A. (2021). Optimizing surgeon well-being. Annals of Surgery Open, 2(1).

Abstracts & Posters

*Goel, S, &*Brower, K. Respect us, connect us, and protect us: The voice of our workforce during the pandemic response. Presented at: 2021 American Conference on Physician Health, Scottsdale, AZ. October 8, 2021. Abstract | Poster

*Goel, S & *Collins, C. Learning well: Student well-being initiatives across the University of Michigan health science schools. Presented at: 2021 American Conference on Physician Health, Scottsdale, AZ. October 8, 2021. Abstract | Poster

Pichan, C, *Collins, C, McGee, L & *Brower, K. Medical student mental health: Student burnout, treatment acquisition and barriers to care at a single institution. Presented at: 2021 American Conference on Physician Health, Scottsdale, AZ. October 8, 2021. Abstract

*Collins, C, *Goel S, Bostwick J, Patterson V. Health science schools wellness initiatives. Presented at: 2021 Health Professions Education Day [virtual conference]. April 6, 2021. Abstract | Poster

*Collins C, McGee L, McKean E, Pichan C, et. al. Medical student mental health program redesign. Presented at: 2021 Health Professions Education Day [virtual conference]. April 6, 2021. Abstract | Poster

Singh V, *+Amin A, *Czarnik S, *Marr R, Ham J. Burnout and job satisfaction prevalence and associations within hospital medicine physicians, advanced practice providers, and clinical assistants. Abstract accepted at: Society of Hospital Medicine [virtual conference]. May 3-7, 2021. Access abstract here.


*Collins C, Santos-Parker J, Santos-Parker K. Coping with the COVID-19 pandemic as a medical student. University of Michigan, Department of Psychiatry.

*Conroy D, Hadler N, Cho E, et al. The effects of COVID-19 stay-at-home order on sleep, health, and working patterns: a survey study of United States health care workers. J Clin Sleep Med. 2020. | Access via PubMed

Dinh, D. Q., Jafri, S. M., Ma, L., Varlamos, C., Vitous, C. A., & Suwanabol, P. A. (2020). Characterizing surgeon well-being: A systematic review and mixed-methods meta-synthesis. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 231(4).

*Fessell D, Cherniss C. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and beyond: micropractices for burnout prevention and emotional wellness. J Am Coll Radiol. 2020. doi:10.1016/j.jacr.2020.03.013 | Access via PubMed

*Fessel D, Goleman D. How health care workers can take care of themselves. Harvard Business Review. 2020.

*Fessell D. Laughter leaves me lighter. JAMA. 2020;323(24):2476. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.9283 | Access via PubMed

*Fessel D, Chopra V, Saint S. Mentoring during a crisis. Harvard Business Review. 2020.

*Fessell, D. Murmurs of mirth: ruling in levity and lightness. J Am Coll Radiol. 2020. | Access via PubMed

*Garver K, Young A, *Fessell D, et al. How to be a positive radiology leader in times of crisis. Acad Radiol. 2020;27(8):1116-1118. doi:10.1016/j.acra.2020.05.022 | Access via PubMed

*Gold K. Women's work: Why are women physicians more burned out? J Am Board Fam Med. 2020;33(3):351-354. doi:10.3122/jabfm.2020.03.200109 | Access via PubMed

*Greenberg JS. A call for help—reflections on burnout, CABG surgery, and the Super Bowl. JAMA. 2020;323(4):311. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.22083 | Access via PubMed

*Greenberg, JS. What are you teaching your children about a career in medicine? ENTtoday. 2020. Link

Kemp, M. T., Rivard, S. J., Anderson, S., Audu, C. O., Barrett, M., Fry, B. T., Lane, M., Vu, J. V., Young, B. A., Englesbe, M., *+Sandhu, G., & Coleman, D. M. (2020). Trainee Wellness and safety in the context of covid-19: The experience of one institution. Academic Medicine, 96(5), 655–660.

+Morgan HK, Singer K, Fitzgerald JT, *Brower KJ, Spencley BM, Owens LE, Burrows HL. Perceptions of parenting challenges and career progression among physician faculty at an academic hospital. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(12):e2029076. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29076 | Access via PubMed

Perumalswami C, Griffith K, Jones R, et al. Patterns of work-related burnout in physician-scientists receiving career development awards from the national institutes of health. JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):150. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4317 | Access via PubMed

Santosa, K. B., & +Sandhu, G. (2020). Physician mistreatment and toxic teams: Incivility in Clinical Learning Environments. The American Journal of Surgery, 220(2), 274–275.

Thompson D, *Brenner M. Prescribing time to temporize burnout: Are we hacking at the branches, or striking at the root? JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg . 2020;146(2):103. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3731 | Access via PubMed

Wang, L. J., Tanious, A., Go, C., Coleman, D., McKinley, S., Eagleton, M. J., Clouse, W. D., & Conrad, M. F. (2019). Gender-based discrimination is prevalent in the integrated vascular trainee experience and serves as a predictor of Burnout. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 69(3).

Zivin K, *Brower K, Sen S, Brownlee R, *Gold K. Relationship between faculty characteristics and emotional exhaustion in a large academic medical center. JOEM. 2020; 62(8) 611-617. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001898 | Access via PubMed

Additional Articles of Interest

Gavin, K. (2020, June 22). This spring they Were heroes, but summer may be cruel for health professionals. University of Michigan.


Bommarito S, Hughes M. Intern mental health interventions. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2019;21(7). doi:10.1007/s11920-019-1035-y | Access via PubMed

Bredella MA, *Fessell D, Thrall JH. Mentorship in academic radiology: why it matters. Insights Imaging. 2019;107(10). doi:10.1186/s13244-019-0799-2 | Access via PubMed

Morgan H, Winkel A, Nguyen A, et al. Obstetrics and gynecology residentsʼ perspectives on wellness. Obstet Gynecol. 2019;133(3):552-557. doi:10.1097/aog.0000000000003103 | Access via PubMed

*Paradis K. The sciency stuff. JAMA Oncol. 2019;5(9):1255. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.1898

Rotenstein L, Torre M, Ramos M, et al. Prevalence of burnout among physicians. JAMA. 2018;320(11):1131. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.12777 | Access via PubMed

Runge M. Medicine needs a culture change to retain talented physicians. STAT News. 2019.

Vargas E, Brassel S, Cortina L, et al. #MedToo: a large-scale examination of the incidence and impact of sexual harassment of physicians and other faculty at an academic medical center. J Womens Health. 2019;29(1):13-20. doi:10.1089/jwh.2019.7766 | Access via PubMed


Ambrose EC, Devare J, Truesdale CM, et al. Two novel approaches to improve otolaryngology resident wellness: the ACGME back to bedside initiative. Otolaryng Head Neck. 2018;158(6):979-980. doi:10.1177/0194599818758272 | Access via PubMed

*Chrouser KL, Xu J, Hallbeck S, et al. The influence of stress responses on surgical performance and outcomes: Literature review and the development of the surgical stress effects (SSE) framework. Am J Surg. 2018;216(3):573-584. doi:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2018.02.017 | Access via PubMed

Dyrbye LN, Meyers D, Ripp J, et al. 2018. A pragmatic approach for organizations to measure health care professional well-being. NAM Perspectives. Discussion Paper, National Academy of Medicine, Washington, DC.

Gupta R. I solemnly share. JAMA. 2018;319(6):549. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.22135 | Access via PubMed

Runge M. Provider burnout affects us all. 2018

Schwenk T, *Gold K. Physician burnout—a serious symptom, but of what? JAMA. 2018;320(11):1109. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11703 | Access via PubMed


Baker K, Warren R, Abelson J, et al. Physician mental health: depression and anxiety. In: Brower K, ed. Physician Mental Health And Well-Being. 1st ed. Springer International Publishing; 2017:131-150.

*Brower KJ. Buprenorphine-assisted treatment of physicians with opioid use disorders. American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry. 2017;33(1):14,17, 22.

*Brower KJ. Organizational-level interventions to promote physician health and well-being: from taking care of physicians to giving care to patients. In: Brower KJ, ed. Physician Mental Health And Well-Being. 1st ed. Springer International Publishing; 2017:295-323.

*Brower KJ, Riba M. Physician Mental Health And Well-Being. 1st ed. Springer International Publishing; 2017. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-55583-6

*Gold K, Shih E, Goldman E, et al. Do US medical licensing applications treat mental and physical illness equivalently? Fam Med. 2017;49(6):464-7. | Access via PubMed

Guille C, Frank E, Zhao Z, et al. Work-family conflict and the sex difference in depression among training physicians. JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(12):1766. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.5138 | Access via PubMed

Thompson-Burdine, J., Barrett, M., Matusko, N., Hughes, D. T., Reddy, R., & *Sandhu, G. (2017). Compassion fatigue: The cost of caring and the critical need to promote wellness in Medical School Education. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 225(4).

Tsai A, Moniz M, Davis M, et al. Meaning and purpose: refocusing on the why in medical education. NEJM Catalyst. 2017.


Baker K, Sen S. Healing medicine's future: prioritizing physician trainee mental health. AMA J Ethics. 2016;18(6):604-613. doi:10.1001/journalofethics.2016.18.6.medu1-1606 | Access via PubMed

*Brower KJ. Avoid burnout with self-care and wellness strategies. Psychiatric Times. 2016;33(4), 9-11. Accessed May 7, 2020.

*Gold K, Andrew LB, Goldman EB, et al. “I would never want to have a mental health diagnosis on my record”: a survey of female physicians on mental health diagnosis, treatment, and reporting. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2016;43:51-57. doi:10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2016.09.004 | Access via PubMed


Guille C, Zhao Z, Krystal J, et al. Web-based cognitive behavioral therapy intervention for the prevention of suicidal ideation in medical interns: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry. 2015;72(12):1192. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.1880 | Access via PubMed

Lee S. A concept analysis of ‘meaning in work’ and its implications for nursing. J Adv Nurs. 2015;71(10):2258-2267. doi:10.1111/jan.12695 | Access via PubMed

Lee K, Forbes M, Lukasiewicz G, et al. Promoting staff resilience in the pediatric intensive care unit. Am J Crit Care. 2015;24(5):422-430. doi:10.4037/ajcc2015720 | Access via PubMed

Mata D, Ramos M, Bansal N, et al. Prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms among resident physicians. JAMA. 2015;314(22):2373. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.15845 | Access via PubMed

2014 and earlier

Gaither CA, Nadkarni A. Interpersonal interactions, job demands and work-related outcomes in pharmacy. J Pharm Pract. 2011;20(2):80-89. doi:10.1111/j.2042-7174.2011.00165

*Gold K, Sen A, Schwenk TL. Details on suicide among US physicians: data from the National Violent Death Reporting System. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2013;35(1):45-49. doi:10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2012.08.005 | Access via PubMed

Hallman I, O'Connor N, Hasenau S, et al. Improving the culture of safety on a high-acuity inpatient child/adolescent psychiatric unit by mindfulness-based stress reduction training of staff. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2014;27(4):183-189. doi:10.1111/jcap.12091 | Access via PubMed

Kalisch B, Lee K. Staffing and job satisfaction: nurses and nursing assistants. J Nurs Manag. 2012;22(4):465-471. doi:10.1111/jonm.12012 | Access via PubMed

Kalisch B, Lee H, Rochman M. Nursing staff teamwork and job satisfaction. J Nurs Manag. 2010;18(8):938-947. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2834.2010.01153.x | Access via PubMed

Keeton K, Fenner D, Johnson T, et al. Predictors of physician career satisfaction, work–life balance, and burnout. Obstet Gynecol. 2007;109(4):949-955. doi:10.1097/01.aog.0000258299.45979.37 | Access via PubMed

Sen S, Kranzler H, Didwania A et al. Effects of the 2011 duty hour reforms on interns and their patients. JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(8):657. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.351 | Access via PubMed

Sen S, Kranzler H, Krystal J et al. A prospective cohort study investigating factors associated with depression during medical internship. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010;67(6):557. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.41 | Access via PubMed